США. Конгресс и администрация с 1933

пояснения
— 1-я колонка — порядковый номер конгресса (считаются с 1-го — 1789-90)
— для Палаты представителей указаны распределение кресел между партиями, в том числе в процентах, для Сената — только распределение кресел
— итоги президентских выборов — доля избирателей и в скобках число голосов выборщиков, подробнее об американской избирательной системе — здесь
— партии: Dems — Democrats, Repubs — Republicans (подробнее о партиях в США — здесь)
Congress President Dems Repubs
73 1933-35 HRep 32. Franklin Delano Roosvelt (Dem)
election
1932
— Roosvelt 57% (472),
— Herbert Hoover 40% (59)
1936
— Roosvelt 61% (523),
— Alf Landon 36,5% (8)
1940
— Roosvelt 55% (449),
— Wendell Willkie 45% (82)
1944
— Roosvelt 53% (432),
— Thomas E. Dewey 46% (99)
administration
Vice President:
John Nance Garner (1933–41),
Henry A. Wallace (1941–45),
Harry S. Truman (1945)
Secretary of State:
Cordell Hull (1933–44),
Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1944–45)
Secretary of the Treasury:
William H. Woodin (1933–34),
Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1934–45)
Secretary of War:
George H. Dern (1933–36),
Harry H. Woodring (1936–40),
Henry L. Stimson (1940–45)

33. VP Harry S. Truman (Dem, 1945-49)
administration

Secretary of State:
Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1945),
James F. Byrnes (1945–47),
George C. Marshall (1947–49)
Secretary of the Treasury:
Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1945),
Fred M. Vinson (1945–46),
John W. Snyder (1946-49)
Secretary of War (from 1947 of Defense):
Henry L. Stimson (1945),
Robert P. Patterson (1945–47),
Kenneth C. Royall (1947),
James V. Forrestal (1947–49)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers (from 1946), Chair:
Edwin G. Nourse (1946-49)

312 114 HRep (435) 73
72% 27%
Sen 60 35 Sen (96)
74 1935-37 HRep 322 103 HRep (435) 74
74% 24%
Sen 69 25 Sen (96)
75 1937-39 HRep 334 88 HRep (435) 75
77% 20%
Sen 76 17 Sen (96)
76 1939-41 HRep 252 177 HRep (435) 76
60% 39%
Sen 69 23 Sen (96)
77 1941-43 HRep 267 162 HRep (435) 77
61% 37%
Sen 66 28 Sen (96)
78 1943-45 HRep 222 209 HRep (435) 78
51% 48%
Sen 58 37 Sen (96)
79 1945-47 HRep 242 191 HRep (435) 79
56% 44%
Sen 57 38 Sen (96)
80 1947-49 HRep 187 246 HRep (435) 80
43% 56,5%
Sen 45 51 Sen (96)
81 1949-51 HRep 33. Harry S. Truman (Dem)
election
— Truman 50% (303),
— Thomas E. Dewey 45% (189)
administration
Vice President:
Alben W. Barkley
Secretary of State:
Dean G. Acheson
Secretary of the Treasury:
John W. Snyder
Secretary of Defense:
Louis A. Johnson (1949–50),
George C. Marshall (1950–51),
Robert A. Lovett (1951–53)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Leon H. Keyserling (1949-53)

263 171 HRep (435) 81
60,5% 39%
Sen 53 43 Sen (96)
82 1945-47 HRep 235 199 HRep (435) 82
54% 46%
Sen 48 48 Sen (96)
83 1953-55 HRep 34. Dwight D. Eisenhower (Repub)
election
1952
— Eisenhower 55% (442),
— Adlai Stevenson II 44% (89)
1956
— Eisenhower 57% (457),
— Adlai Stevenson II 42% (73)
administration
Vice President:
Richard Nixon
Secretary of State:
John Foster Dulles (1953–59),
Christian A. Herter (1959–61)
Secretary of the Treasury:
George M. Humphrey (1953–57),
Robert B. Anderson (1957–61)
Secretary of Defense:
Charles E. Wilson (1953–57),
Neil H. McElroy (1957–59),
Thomas S. Gates, Jr. (1959–61)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Arthur F. Burns (1953-56),
Raymond J. Saulnier (1956-61)
National Security Advisor (from 1953):
Robert Cutler (1953-55),
Dillon Anderson (1955-56),
William H. Jackson (1956-57),
Robert Cutler (1957-58),
Gordon Gray (1958-61)

213 221 HRep (435) 83
49% 51%
Sen 47 48 Sen (96)
84 1955-57 HRep 232 203 HRep (435) 84
53% 47%
Sen 47 47 Sen (96)
85 1957-59 HRep 234 201 HRep (435) 85
54% 46%
Sen 49 47 Sen (100)
86 1959-61 HRep 283 153 HRep (435) 86
65% 35%
Sen 65 35 Sen (100)
87 1961-63 HRep 35. John Fitzgerald Kennedy (Dem, 1961-63)
election

— Kennedy 50% (303),
— Richard Nixon 50% (219)

36. VP Lyndon B. Johnson (Dem, 1963-65)
administration

Secretary of State:
Dean Rusk
Secretary of the Treasury:
C. Douglas Dillon
Secretary of Defense:
Robert McNamara

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Walter W. Heller (1961-64),
Gardner Ackley (1954-65)
National Security Advisor:
McGeorge Bundy (1961-65)

263 174 HRep (435) 87
60% 40%
Sen 63 37 Sen (100)
88 1963-65 HRep 259 176 HRep (435) 88
59,5% 40,5%
Sen 63 37 Sen (100)
89 1965-67 HRep 36. Lyndon B. Johnson (Dem)
election
— Johnson 61% (486),
— Barry Goldwater 38,5% (52)
administration
Vice President:
Hubert Humphrey
Secretary of State:
Dean Rusk
Secretary of the Treasury:
Henry H. Fowler (1965–68),
Joseph W. Barr (1968–69)
Secretary of Defense:
Robert McNamara (1965–68),
Clark M. Clifford (1968–69)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Gardner Ackley (1965-68),
Arthur M. Okun (1968-69)
National Security Advisor:
McGeorge Bundy (1965-66),
Walt W. Rostow (1966-68)

295 104 HRep (435) 89
68% 32%
Sen 68 32 Sen (100)
90 1967-69 HRep 247 187 HRep (435) 90
57% 43%
Sen 64 36 Sen (100)
91 1969-71 HRep 37. Richard Nixon (Repub, 1969-74)
election
1968
— Nixon 43% (301),
— Hubert Humphrey 43% (191),
— George Wallace (American Independent) 13,5% (46)
1972
— Nixon 61% (520),
— George McGovern 37,5% (17)
administration
Vice President:
Spiro Agnew (1969–73),
Gerald Ford (1973-74)
Secretary of State:
William P. Rogers (1969–73),
Henry Kissinger (1973-74)
Secretary of the Treasury:
David M. Kennedy (1969–71),
John Connally (1971–72),
George Shultz (1972–74),
William Simon (1974)
Secretary of Defense
Melvin R. Laird (1969–73),
Elliot Richardson (1973),
James Schlesinger (1973–74)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Paul W. McCracken (1969-71),
Herbert Stein (1972-74)
National Security Advisor:
Henry Kissinger (1968-74)

38. VP Gerald Ford (Repub, 1974-77)
administration

Vice President:
Nelson Rockefeller
Secretary of State:
Henry Kissinger
Secretary of the Treasury:
William E. Simon
Secretary of Defense:
James R. Schlesinger (1974–75),
Donald Rumsfeld (1975-77)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Alan Greenspan (1974-77)
National Security Advisor:
Henry Kissinger (1974-75),
Brent Scowcroft (1975-77)

243 192 HRep (435) 91
60% 44%
Sen 58 42 Sen (100)
92 1971-73 HRep 255 180 HRep (435) 92
58,5% 41,5%
Sen 54 44 Sen (100)
93 1973-75 HRep 243 191 HRep (435) 93
56% 44%
Sen 56 43 Sen (100)
94 1975-77 HRep 290 145 HRep (435) 94
67% 33%
Sen 61 38 Sen (100)
95 1977-79 HRep 39. Jimmy Carter (Dem)
election
— Carter 50% (297),
— Gerald Ford 48% (240)
administration
Vice President:
Walter Mondale
Secretary of State:
Cyrus Vance (1977–80),
Edmund Muskie (1980-81)
Secretary of the Treasury:
W. Michael Blumenthal (1977–79),
G. William Miller (1979-81)
Secretary of Defense:
Harold Brown

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Charles L. Schultze (1977-81)
National Security Advisor:
Zbigniew Brzezinski (1977-81)

292 143 HRep (435) 95
67% 33%
Sen 61 38 Sen (100)
96 1979-81 HRep 276 159 HRep (435) 96
64% 36%
Sen 58 41 Sen (100)
97 1981-83 HRep 40. Ronald Reagan (Repub)
election
1980
— Reagan 51% (489),
— Jimmy Carter 41% (49)
1984
— Reagan 59% (525),
— Walter Mondale 41% (13)
administration
Vice President:
George H.W. Bush
Secretary of State:
Alexander Haig (1981–82),
George P. Shultz (1982-89)
Secretary of the Treasury:
Donald Regan (1981–85),
James A. Baker III (1985–88),
Nicholas F. Brady (1988-89)
Secretary of Defense:
Caspar Weinberger (1981–87),
Frank C. Carlucci (1987-89)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Murray L. Weidenbaum (1981-82),
Martin Feldstein (1982-84),
Beryl W. Sprinkel (1985-89)
National Security Advisor:
Richard V. Allen (1981-82),
William P. Clark (1982-83),
Robert C. McFarlane (1983-85),
John M. Poindexter (1985-86),
Frank C. Carlucci (1986-87),
Colin L. Powell (1987-89)

242 192 HRep (435) 97
56% 44%
Sen 46 53 Sen (100)
98 1983-85 HRep 272 163 HRep (435) 98
62% 38%
Sen 45 55 Sen (100)
99 1985-87 HRep 253 182 HRep (435) 99
58% 42%
Sen 47 53 Sen (100)
100 1987-89 HRep 258 177 HRep (435) 100
59% 41%
Sen 55 45 Sen (100)
101 1989-91 HRep 41. George H. W. Bush (Repub)
election
— Bush 53% (426),
— Michael Dukakis 46% (111)
administration
Vice President:
Dan Quayle
Secretary of State:
James Baker (1989–92),
Lawrence Eagleburger (1992-93)
Secretary of the Treasury:
Nicholas Brady
Secretary of Defense:
Dick Cheney

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Michael J. Boskin (1989-93)
National Security Advisor:
Brent Scowcroft (1989-93)

260 175 HRep (435) 101
60% 40%
Sen 55 45 Sen (100)
102 1991-93 HRep 267 167 HRep (435) 102
61,5% 38,5%
Sen 56 44 Sen (100)
103 1993-95 HRep 42. Bill Clinton (Dem)
election
1992
— Clinton 43% (370),
— George H. W. Bush 37% (168),
— Ross Perot (independent) 19% (0)
1996
— Clinton 49% (379),
— Bob Dole 41% (159)
administration
Vice President:
Al Gore
Secretary of State:
Warren Christopher (1993–97),
Madeleine Albright (1997-2001)
Secretary of the Treasury:
Lloyd Bentsen (1993–94),
Robert Rubin (1995–99),
Lawrence Summers (1999-2001)
Secretary of Defense:
Les Aspin (1993–94),
William Perry (1994–97),
William Cohen (1997-2001)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Laura D’Andrea Tyson (1993-95),
Joseph E. Stiglitz (1995-97),
Janet Yellen (1997-99),
Martin Neil Baily (1999-2001)
Assistant to the President for Economic Policy (from 1993):
Robert Rubin (1993-95),
Laura D’Andrea Tyson (1995-96),
Gene Sperling (1996-2000)
National Security Advisor:
W. Anthony Lake (1993-97),
Samuel R. Berger (1997-2001)

258 176 HRep (435) 103
59% 40,5%
Sen 57 43 Sen (100)
104 1995-97 HRep 204 230 HRep (435) 104
47% 53%
Sen 48 52 Sen (100)
105 1997-99 HRep 207 227 HRep (435) 105
47,5% 52,5%
Sen 45 55 Sen (100)
106 1999-2001 HRep 211 223 HRep (435) 106
48,5% 51%
Sen 45 55 Sen (100)
107 2001-03 HRep 43. George W. Bush (Repub)
election
2000
— Bush 47,9% (271),
— Al Gore 48,4% (266)
2004
— Bush 51% (286),
— John Kerry 48% (251)
administration
Vice President:
Dick Cheney
Secretary of State:
Colin Powell (2001–05),
Condoleezza Rice (2005-09)
Secretary of Homeland Security (from 2003):
Tom Ridge (2003–05),
Michael Chertoff (2005-09)
Secretary of the Treasury:
Paul O’Neill (2001–02),
John Snow (2003–06),
Henry Paulson (2006-09)
Secretary of Defense:
Donald Rumsfeld (2001–06),
Robert Gates (2006-09)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
R. Glenn Hubbard (2001-03),
N. Gregory Mankiw (2003-05),
Harvey S. Rosen (2005),
Ben S. Bernanke (2005-06),
Edward Lazear (2006-09)
Assistant to the President for Economic Policy:
Lawrence Lindsey (2001-02),
Stephen Friedman (2002-05),
Allan Hubbard (2005-07),
Keith Hennessey (2007-09)
National Security Advisor:
Condoleezza Rice (2001-05),
Stephen Hadley (2005-09)

212 221 HRep (435) 107
49% 51%
Sen 50 50 Sen (100)
108 2003-05 HRep 205 229 HRep (435) 108
47% 53%
Sen 48 51 Sen (100)
109 2005-07 HRep 202 232 HRep (435) 109
46,5% 53%
Sen 44 55 Sen (100)
110 2007-09 HRep 233 202 HRep (435) 110
54% 46%
Sen 49 49 Sen (100)
111 2009-11 HRep 44. Barack Obama (Dem)
election
2008
— Obama 53% (365),
— John McCain 46% (173)
2012
— Obama 51% (332),
— Mitt Romney 47% (206)
administartion
Vice President:
Joe Biden
Secretary of State:
Hillary Clinton (2009-13)
John Kerry (с 2013)
Secretary of Homeland Security:
Janet Napolitano
Secretary of the Treasury:
Timothy Geithner (2009-13)
Jack Lew (с 2013)
Secretary of Defense:
Robert Gates (Independent/Repub, 2009-11)
Leon Panetta (2011-13)
Chuck Hagel (Repub, с 2013)

Executive Office:
The Council of Economic Advisers, Chair:
Christina Romer (2009-10)
Austan Goolsbee (2010–11)
Alan Krueger (с 2011)
Assistant to the President for Economic Policy:
Lawrence Summers (2009-10)
Gene Sperling (с 2011)
National Security Advisor:
James L. Jones (2009-11)
Thomas E. Donilon (с 2011)

257 178 HRep (435) 111
59% 41%
Sen 57 41 Sen (100)
112 2011-13 HRep 193 242 HRep (435) 112
44% 56%
Sen 51 47 Sen (100)
113 2013-15 HRep 200 233 HRep (435) 113
46% 53,5%
Sen 53 45 Sen (100)
Congress President Dems Repubs

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