Великобритания. Парламент и правительство с 1935

пояснения к партиям
— Labs — Labours
— Libs — Liberals, from 1873 in alliance with Social-Democratic Party, from 1992 Liberal Democrats
— Cons — Conservatives, 1935-45 with National Liberals and National Labours, 1945-70 with National Liberals

Nationalist Parties:
— SF — Sinn Féin (Irish Catholic)
— UU — Ulster Unionists (Irish Protestant — Moderate)
— DU — Democratic Unionists (Irish Protestant — Radical)
— SNP — Scottish National Party

подробнее о британских партиях — здесь

Parliament Government Labs Libs Cons SF UU DU SNP
1935-45 3. Stanley Baldwin (Con)
3rd National Government (1935-37)
Foreign Secretary:
Sir Samuel Hoare (Con, 1935),
Anthony Eden (Con, 1935-37)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Neville Chamberlain (Con)
Home Secretary:
Sir John Simon (Nat-Lib)
Secretary of State for War:
The Viscount Halifax (Con, 1935),
Duff Cooper (Con, 1935-37)
Lord Chancellor:
The Viscount Hailsham (Con)

Neville Chamberlain (Con)
4th National Government (1937-39)
Foreign Secretary:
Anthony Eden (Con, 1937-38),
The Viscount Halifax (Con, 1938-39)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Sir John Simon (Nat-Lib)
Home Secretary:
Sir Samuel Hoare (Con)
Secretary of State for War:
Leslie Hore-Belisha (Nat-Lib)
Lord Chancellor:
The Viscount Hailsham (Con, 1937-38),
The Lord Maugham (1938-39)
War Government (1939–40)
Foreign Secretary:
The Viscount Halifax (Con)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Sir John Simon (Nat-Lib)
Home Secretary:
Sir John Anderson (Con)
Secretary of State for War:
Leslie Hore-Belisha (Nat-Lib, 1939-40),
Oliver Stanley (Con, 1940)
Lord Chancellor:
The Viscount Caldecote (Con)
38% 6,5% 53,5% votes 1935-45
154 21 429 seats (615)
1. Winston Churchill (Con)
Coalition Government (1940-45)
(23.5-26.7 1945 Caretaker Government)

Deputy Prime Minister:
Clement Attlee (Lab, 1942-45)
Foreign Secretary:
The Viscount Halifax (Con, 1940),
Anthony Eden (Con, 1940-45)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Sir Kingsley Wood (Con, 1940-43),
Sir John Anderson (Nat, 1943-45)
Home Secretary:
Sir John Anderson (Nat, 1940),
Herbert Morrison (Lab, 1940-45),
Sir Donald Somervell (Con, 1945 in Caretaker Government)
Secretary of State for War:
Anthony Eden (Con, 1940),
David Margesson (Con, 1940-42),
Sir P. J. Grigg (Nat, 1942-45)
Minister of Defence:
PM Churchill
Lord Chancellor:
The Viscount Simon (Nat-Lib)

25% 3,5% 70%
1945-50 Clement Attlee (Lab)
cabinet
Deputy Prime Minister:
Herbert Morrison
Foreign Secretary:
Ernest Bevin (1945-51),
DPM Morrison (1951)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Hugh Dalton (1945-47),
Sir Stafford Cripps (1947-50),
Hugh Gaitskell (1950-51)
Home Secretary:
James Chuter Ede
Secretary of State for War:
Jack Lawson (1945-46),
Frederick Bellenger (1946-47),
Manny Shinwell (1947-50),
John Strachey (1950-51)
Minister of Defence:
PM Attlee (1945-46),
A. V. Alexander (1946-50),
Emanuel Shinwell (1950-51)
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Jowitt
47,5% 9% 39,5% votes 1945-50
393 12 210 seats (640)
61,5% 2% 33%
1950-51 46% 9% 43,5% votes 1950-51
315 9 297 seats (625)
50,5% 1,5% 47,5%
1951-55 2. Sir Winston Churchill (Con)
cabinet
Deputy Prime Minister:
Anthony Eden (knighted 1954)
Foreign Secretary:
DPM Eden
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Rab Butler
Home Secretary:
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe (1951-54),
Gwilym Lloyd-George (1954-55)
Secretary of State for War:
Antony Head
Minister of Defence:
PM Churchill (1951-52),
The Earl Alexander of Tunis (1952-54),
Harold Macmillan (1954-55)
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Simonds (1951-54),
The Viscount Kilmuir (1954-55)
49% 2,5% 48% votes 1951-55
295 6 321 seats (625)
47% 1% 51,5%
1955-59 Sir Anthony Eden (Con, 1955-57)
cabinet
Foreign Secretary:
Harold Macmillan (1955),
Selwyn Lloyd (1955-57)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
R. A. Butler (1955),
Harold Macmillan (1955-57)
Home Secretary:
Gwilym Lloyd-George
Secretary of State for War:
Antony Head (1955-56),
John Hare (1956-57)
Minister of Defence:
Selwyn Lloyd (1955),
Sir Walter Monckton (1955-56),
Anthony Head (1956-57)
Lord Chancellor:
The Viscount Kilmuir
46,5% 2,5% 49,5% votes 1955-59
277 6 344 seats (630)
Harold Macmillan (Con, 1957-63)
cabinet
Deputy Prime Minister:
Richard Austen Butler (1962-63)
Foreign Secretary:
Selwyn Lloyd (1957-60),
The Earl of Home (1960-63)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Peter Thorneycroft (1957-58),
Derick Heathcoat-Amory (1958-60),
Selwyn Lloyd (1960-62),
Reginald Maudling (1962-63)
Home Secretary:
(DPM) Butler (1957-63),
Henry Brooke (1963)
Secretary of State for War:
John Hare (1957-58),
Christopher Soames (1958-60),
John Profumo (1960-63),
Joseph Godber (1963)
Minister of Defence:
Duncan Sandys (1957-59),
Harold Watkinson (1959-62),
Peter Thorneycroft (1962-63)
Lord Chancellor:
The Viscount Kilmuir (1957-62),
The Lord Dilhorne (1962-63)
44% 1% 54,5%
1959-64 44% 6% 49,5% votes 1959-64
Sir Alec Douglas-Home (Con, 1963-64)
cabinet
Foreign Secretary:
Rab Butler
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Reginald Maudling
Home Secretary:
Henry Brooke
Secretary of State for War (till 1.4.1964):
James Ramsden
Minister of (from 1.4.1964 Secretary of State for) Defence:
Peter Thorneycroft
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Dilhorne
258 6 365 seats (630)
41% 1% 58%
1964-66 1. Harold Wilson (Lab)
cabinet
Foreign Secretary:
Patrick Gordon Walker (1964-65),
Michael Stewart (1965-66),
George Brown (1966-68),
Michael Stewart (1968-70)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
James Callaghan (1964-67),
Roy Jenkins (1967-70)
Home Secretary:
Sir Frank Soskice (1964-65),
Roy Jenkins (1965-67),
James Callaghan (1967-70)
Secretary of State for Defence:
Denis Healey
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Gardiner
44% 11% 43,5% votes 1964-66
317 9 303 seats (630)
50,5% 1,5% 48%
1966-70 48% 8,5% 42% votes 1966-70
363 12 253 seats (630)
57,5% 2% 40%
1970-74 Edward Heath (Con)
cabinet
Foreign Secretary:
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Iain Macleod (1970),
Anthony Barber (1970-74)
Home Secretary:
Reginald Maudling (1970-72),
Robert Carr (1972-74)
Secretary of State for Defence:
The Lord Carrington (1970-74),
Ian Gilmour (1974)
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Hailsham
43% 7,5% 46,5% votes 1970-74
287 6 330 seats (630)
45,5% 1% 52,5%
Labs Libs Cons SF UU DU SNP
1974 2. Harold Wilson (Lab, 1974-76)
cabinet
Foreign Secretary:
James Callaghan
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Denis Healey
Home Secretary:
Roy Jenkins
Secretary of State for Defence:
Roy Mason
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Elwyn-Jones
37% 19,5% 38% 1% 2% votes 1974
301 14 297 11 7 seats (635)
47% 2% 47% 2% 1%
1974-79 39,5% 18,5% 35,5% 1,5% 3% votes 1974-79
James Callaghan (Lab, 1976-79)
cabinet
Foreign Secretary:
Anthony Crosland (1976–77),
David Owen (1977–79)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Denis Healey
Home Secretary:
Roy Jenkins (1976),
Merlyn Rees (1976–79)
Secretary of State for Defence:
Roy Mason (1976),
Fred Mulley (1976–79)
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Elwyn-Jones
319 13 276 10 11 seats (635)
50% 2% 43,5% 1,5% 2%
1979-83 Margaret Thatcher (Con, 1979-90)
cabinet
Deputy Prime Minister:
(Viscount from 1983) William Whitelaw (1979-88),
Sir Geoffrey Howe (1989-90)
Foreign Secretary:
The Lord Carrington (1979–82),
Francis Pym (1982–83),
Sir Geoffrey Howe (1983–89),
John Major (1989),
Douglas Hurd (1989–90)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Sir Geoffrey Howe (1979-83),
Nigel Lawson (1983-89),
John Major (1989–90)
Home Secretary:
DPM Whitelaw (1979–83),
Leon Brittan (1983–85),
Douglas Hurd (1985–89),
David Waddington (1989–90)
Secretary of State for Defence:
Francis Pym (1979–81),
John Nott (1981–83),
Michael Heseltine (1983–86),
George Younger (1986–89),
Tom King (1989–90)
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone (1979–87),
The Lord Havers (1987),
The Lord Mackay of Clashfern (1987-90)
37% 14% 44% 1% votes 1979-83
268 11 339 5 seats (635)
42% 2% 53,5% 1%
1983-87 27,5% 25,5% 42,5% 1% votes 1983-87
209 23 397 11 seats (650)
32% 3,5% 61% 1,5%
1987-92 31% 22,5% 42% 1% votes 1987-92
229 22 375 9 seats (650)
John Major (Con, 1990-97)
cabinet
Deputy Prime Minister:
Michael Heseltine (1995-97)
Foreign Secretary:
Douglas Hurd (1990-95),
Malcolm Rifkind (1995-97)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Norman Lamont (1990-93),
Kenneth Clarke (1993-97)
Home Secretary:
Kenneth Baker (1990-92),
Kenneth Clarke (1992-93),
Michael Howard (1993-97)
Secretary of State for Defence:
Tom King (1990-92),
Malcolm Rifkind (1992-95),
Michael Portillo (1995-97)
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Mackay of Clashfern
35% 3,5% 57,5% 1,5%
1992-97 34,5% 18% 42% 1% votes 1992-97
271 20 336 9 seats (651)
41,5% 3% 51,5% 1,5%
1997-2001 Tony Blair (Lab, 1997-2007)
cabinet
Deputy Prime Minister:
John Prescott
Foreign Secretary:
Robin Cook (1997–2001),
Jack Straw (2001–06),
Margaret Beckett (2006–07)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Gordon Brown
Home Secretary:
Jack Straw (1997-2001),
David Blunkett (2001–04),
Charles Clarke (2004–06),
John Reid (2006–07)
Secretary of State for Defence:
George Robertson (1997–99),
Geoff Hoon (1999–2005),
John Reid (2005–06),
Des Browne (2006–07)
Lord Chancellor:
The Lord Irvine of Lairg (1997-2003),
The Lord Falconer of Thoroton (2003-07)
43% 17% 30,5% 1% 2% votes 1997-2001
418 46 165 10 6 seats (659)
63,5% 7% 25% 1,5% 1%
2001-05 40,5% 18,5% 31,5% 1% 1% 2% votes 2001-05
412 52 166 6 5 5 seats (659)
62,5% 8% 25% 1% 1% 1%
2005-10 35,5% 22% 32,5% 0,5% 1% 1,5% votes 2005-10
Gordon Brown (Lab, 2007-10)
cabinet
Foreign Secretary:
David Miliband
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Alistair Darling
Home Secretary:
Jacqui Smith (2007-09),
Alan Johnson (2009-10)
Secretary of State for Defence:
Des Browne (2007–08),
John Hutton (2008–09),
Bob Ainsworth (2009-10)
Lord Chancellor:
Jack Straw
356 62 198 5 9 6 seats (646)
55% 9,5% 30,5% 1% 1,5% 1%
from 2010 David Cameron (Con)
coalition government
Deputy Prime Minister:
Nick Clegg (Lib)
Foreign Secretary:
William Hague (Con)
Chancellor of the Exchequer:
George Osborne (Con)
Home Secretary:
Theresa May (Con)
Secretary of State for Defence:
Liam Fox (Con, 2010-11),
Philip Hammond (Con, from 2011)
Lord Chancellor:
Kenneth Clarke (Con, 2010-12)
Chris Grayling (Con, from 2012)
36% 29% 23% 0,5% 0,5% 2% votes from 2010
258 57 307 5 8 6 seats (650)
39,5% 9% 47% 1% 1% 1%
Parliament Government Labs Libs Cons SF UU DU SNP

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